Psychology refers to an academic discipline and professional offshoot that studies the causes and nature of human behaviour. Psychologists are professionals who seek to help people with defined cognitive or behavioral problems. Psychologists do not tend to use medications but instead rely on techniques that have been developed over time.
Most psychologists focus on a specalist area such as sports psychology or abnormal psychology. Behavioural cognitive therapy (CBT) is currently one of the most commonly used strands of psychology. It addresses underlying thought processes behind given undesirable behaviours and seeks to alter the behaviour through changing thought patterns. Useful techniques for CBT incude keeping a journal, identifying triggers and negative thought pattern,s such as all-or-nothing thinking.
WHAT TO EXPECT
A session of CBT begins with goal setting and an introduction to a workbook that sets out tasks and requests to record thoughts and behaviour over a given week. The therapist will structure the session around reviewing one week's records and setting the ground for the next week. CBT often occurs in confidential group sessions where common behaviours are discussed and feelings shared.
CBT can identify and therefore allow one to change behaviour. Naming an emotion, identifying its cause(s), and working out its origins goes a long way to modifying that behaviour. CBT often lasts about 6 weeks.
The effects of CBT are often short-lived as deep unconscious problems are left untouched in favour of quick fixes.