Popular anti-wrinkle injections are commonly referred to as Botox. [Note: Botox is a trademark-protected name. Other Botilinum Toxin products are Dysport or Xeomin.]
Botox is a drug made from a neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium Botulinum called BotulinumToxin. Botulinum Toxin can be injected into people in extremely small concentrations and works by preventing signals from the nerve cells reaching muscles, leaving the muscles without the ability to contract, therefore paralysing them.
Richard Clark, a plastic surgeon from Sacramento (CA), was the first to document a cosmetic use for Botulinum Toxin. He treated facial asymmetry caused by unilateral facial nerve paralysis by injecting toxin into the non-paralysed frontal muscle. After formal trials, on April 12, 2002, the FDA announced regulatory approval of botulinum toxin type A (Botox Cosmetic) to temporarily improve the appearance of moderate-to-severe frown lines between the eyebrows (glabellar lines). Subsequently, cosmetic use of Botulinum Toxin Type A has become widespread. The results of Botox can last up to six months and may vary with each patient - some people say the results have lasted 12 months.
Benefits of Botox:
Botox treatments can give the face a younger, revitalised appearance. The treatment effectively reduces or eliminates crow's feet and other wrinkles around the eyes and other areas of the face that have wrinkles. Since Botox injections only affect muscle nerves, not nerves of sensation, patients do not experience a loss of feeling in the treated area. The benefits of Botox injections are not limited to treating wrinkles. The FDA originally approved Botox for several non-cosmetic treatments, including a condition in which the eyes twitch uncontrollably, migraine headaches, and excessive sweating.
"Nefertiti Lift": Botox can also be used on the jawline area, giving a tightening/lifting effect and a more defined look to slackening tissue/the beginnings of jowls. It can have a generally slimming effect on the jaw. It can be very good for people who grind their teeth as it relaxes those muscles. Sometimes repetition of that grinding motion leads to a "square jaw" look. Botox can help. When used in conjunction with other skin tightening treatments, it can have a great effect, especially for those with pronounced muscle droop on the jawline/the jowls effect.
What to expect with Botox:
The doctor will use a very small needle to administer Botox injections directly into the muscles that cause frown lines, furrows, and horizontal wrinkles. Because the procedure is quick and has minimal discomfort, no anesthesia is required. If the patient is sensitive to pain, however, the doctor may numb the targeted area prior to the treatment. The length of your treatment will vary, depending on your specific case, but the process usually will not take longer than 10 minutes. Following treatment, results are usually seen within 3–5 days, however it can take up to 2 weeks to see full results.
Potential Downsides of Botox:
If properly administered, the side effects of Botox are not usually severe. The number of people who have had the treatment worldwide to date is in the millions. However some people may suffer from mild side effects. These include mild numbness or tingling in the injection area, minor swelling or bruising around the injection area, an allergic reaction to Botox, no improvement after undergoing treatment, headache (temporary), nausea (temporary), drooping eyebrow or eyelid, flu-like symptoms. Most of these side effects are avoidable if proper injection techniques are used, and if the patient avoids rubbing the injection area for approximately 12 hours after treatment.